Agriculture is a dominant economic activity in India, today India ranks second worldwide in farm activities. Over 58 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood. Women account for more than 47% of agriculture labour and dominate the small scale food processing sector. It is assumed that an increased in income from agriculture related activities is used to purchase high quality nutritious food that improve nutrition level of rural poor population. Despite major progress, serious concerns remain about the nutrition and health situation throughout the developing world. According to the annual report by the Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations, around 194 million people are undernourished in India, the highest in the world.
Agricultural growth has the potential to greatly reduce poverty and also presents opportunities for improving health and nutrition.